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Allamanda cathartica – Allamanda

Allamanda cathartica - Allamanda, Yellow Allamanda, Golden Trumpet (flowers)

Allamanda cathartica - Allamanda, Yellow Allamanda, Golden Trumpet

Plant Name

Scientific Name: Allamanda cathartica

Common Names: Allamanda, Yellow Allamanda, Golden Trumpet

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial, Evergreen

Growth Habit: Vine

Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. This naturalized ornamental flowering vine is native to northern South America and Brazil.

Flower Color: Yellow

Height: To 20 feet (6 m) or more tall

Description: The flowers are up to 3 1/2 inches (9 cm) long and funnel-shaped with 5 round lobes. The flowers are sometimes followed by spiny, rounded, 1 1/2 inch (4 cm) in diameter seed capsules. The leaves are dark green, leathery, oblong-lanceolate to egg-shaped, and either opposite or in lopsided whorls of 3 or 4 around the stems. The plants either climb nearby shrubs and trees or grow as shrub-like mounds on the ground.

In Hawaii, Allamanda grows in wet to mesic (moderately wet) areas at lower elevations and is especially common along roadsides.

Special Characteristics

Poisonous – All parts of the plant are poisonous. If cut or damaged, the foliage oozes white latex that can irritate the skin.

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Genus: Allamanda L. – allamanda
Species: Allamanda cathartica L. – golden trumpet

 

Description
A tropical twining vine with deeply veined, whorled leaves and large, trumpet shaped bright yellow flowers. Prickly seed pods follow the flowers with winged seeds that fly about when the pod dries and breaks open. Allamanda is perennial in tropical climates and may be treated as an annual or brought inside during cold weather and replanted after danger of frost. The plant has milky sap and is considered poisonous; all parts are highly cathartic (hence the botanical name). Texture is coarse and leaves are bright to light green; the plant is often pruned and used as a shrub. Some cultivars have been bred for fragrance; a particularly popular one has furry brown buds and darker green leaves than the species.

Location
Native to Brazil and widely distributed in tropical areas.

Culture
Grows well in most soils, but becomes chlorotic in very alkaline conditions. Train up a trellis, tree, or side of a building where there is support. Or prune and maintain as a shrub. In areas where there is seasonal change, keep fairly dry during winter and prune in spring before growth begins. It may be desirable to prune annually in any case to control for size.
Light: Sun to light shade.
Moisture: Average; must be well drained.
Hardiness: USDA Zones 9-11. Use as a summer annual in zones with freezing winters (Allamanda will freeze at just 30ºF.).
Propagation: Hardwood or softwood cuttings in warm weather.

Usage
Allamandas are breathtaking when in the full glory of their bloom. Plant them where they will be as conspicuous as possible. In the tropics, they are often pruned and maintained as blooming hedge plants. They can be allowed to grow up slender trees, where they make a profusion of blooms at the top and on the way up.

Features
Large, 3"-4" funnel shaped yellow flowers; twining growth; glossy, leathery leaves make this vine a favorite. Lately some new varieties have appeared, that's 'Cream' in the photograph (above).

- See more at: http://www.floridata.com/ref/a/alla_cat.cfm#sthash.AMn9nMrc.dpuf

Description
A tropical twining vine with deeply veined, whorled leaves and large, trumpet shaped bright yellow flowers. Prickly seed pods follow the flowers with winged seeds that fly about when the pod dries and breaks open. Allamanda is perennial in tropical climates and may be treated as an annual or brought inside during cold weather and replanted after danger of frost. The plant has milky sap and is considered poisonous; all parts are highly cathartic (hence the botanical name). Texture is coarse and leaves are bright to light green; the plant is often pruned and used as a shrub. Some cultivars have been bred for fragrance; a particularly popular one has furry brown buds and darker green leaves than the species.

Location
Native to Brazil and widely distributed in tropical areas.

Culture
Grows well in most soils, but becomes chlorotic in very alkaline conditions. Train up a trellis, tree, or side of a building where there is support. Or prune and maintain as a shrub. In areas where there is seasonal change, keep fairly dry during winter and prune in spring before growth begins. It may be desirable to prune annually in any case to control for size.
Light: Sun to light shade.
Moisture: Average; must be well drained.
Hardiness: USDA Zones 9-11. Use as a summer annual in zones with freezing winters (Allamanda will freeze at just 30ºF.).
Propagation: Hardwood or softwood cuttings in warm weather.

Usage
Allamandas are breathtaking when in the full glory of their bloom. Plant them where they will be as conspicuous as possible. In the tropics, they are often pruned and maintained as blooming hedge plants. They can be allowed to grow up slender trees, where they make a profusion of blooms at the top and on the way up.

Features
Large, 3"-4" funnel shaped yellow flowers; twining growth; glossy, leathery leaves make this vine a favorite. Lately some new varieties have appeared, that's 'Cream' in the photograph (above).

- See more at: http://www.floridata.com/ref/a/alla_cat.cfm#sthash.AMn9nMrc.dpuf
Allamanda cathartica
Common Names: allamanda, golden-trumpet
Family: Apocynaceae (dogbane Family) - See more at: http://www.floridata.com/ref/a/alla_cat.cfm#sthash.AMn9nMrc.dpuf
Allamanda cathartica
Common Names: allamanda, golden-trumpet
Family: Apocynaceae (dogbane Family) - See more at: http://www.floridata.com/ref/a/alla_cat.cfm#sthash.AMn9nMrc.dpuf
Allamanda cathartica
Common Names: allamanda, golden-trumpet
Family: Apocynaceae (dogbane Family) - See more at: http://www.floridata.com/ref/a/alla_cat.cfm#sthash.AMn9nMrc.dpuf
Allamanda cathartica
Common Names: allamanda, golden-trumpet
Family: Apocynaceae (dogbane Family) - See more at: http://www.floridata.com/ref/a/alla_cat.cfm#sthash.AMn9nMrc.dpuf
   

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